Geoparks are natural areas that aim to protect and make sustainable use of the Earth’s heritage.
The entirety of Hakusan City, Ishikawa Prefecture, is designated as the Hakusan Tedorigawa Geopark.

Beneath the symbol of Mt. Hakusan people and nature live together,
in scenery that hides the “Story of the Land”.
The mountains, the rivers, the sea, and snow.
Find the “Journey of Water” which brings life,
and the “Journey of Rock” that follows.

Experience the workings of the Earth here, in the Hakusan Tedorigawa Geopark.

The Story of the Land, the People, and Nature


The Formation
of the Land

The land that makes up the Hakusan Tedorigawa Geopark records approximately 300 million years of history. From rocks formed by the collision of continents, to strata containing fossils from the time of the dinosaurs, to volcanic deposits formed during the rifting of the Japan Sea, to recent volcanic deposits from the eruption of the still-active Mt. Hakusan.
The formation
of the earth

The Ever-Moving,
Ever-Changing Earth

The land of Hakusan was not always located where it currently is. It was once connected to the Eurasian Plate. When the Sea of Japan began to rift open, parts of the land spread away from the continent, and were broken up, pushed, and pulled in all directions. Eventually a thin-spot formed, causing magma to erupt up from the mantle in a chain of volcanoes. These were then eroded by rain and snow, and the eroded sediment was deposited. All of the elements of this ever-evolving story are preserved here in Hakusan.
Moving earth /
changing land

"Journey of Water"

This ever-changing land brought us Mt. Hakusan, which stands high in the South of the city. Winds which blow over from the Sea of Japan deposit huge amounts of snow upon its peaks. In the spring this snow melts, returning to the Sea of Japan via the Tedori River. Within this small area of Hakusan, the Journey of Water continues.
The current
water journey

"Journey of Rock"

Intertwined with this "Journey of Water" - especially in regard to the Tedori River - is the "Journey of Rock". The river breaks apart stones from the easily eroded mountains, and carries them downstream, carving deep into the river banks as it moves. These heavily eroded stones make up the foundation of the Tedori Alluvial Fan, and their less-eroded counterparts can be seen scattered throughout the river, partway through their respective journeys.
The current
stone journey

Hakusan's Blessings

In this land where the "Journey of Water" and "Journey of Rock" dance endlessly with each other, ecosystems have been born, housing numerous plants, animals, and of course ourselves. People live is places graced by the blessings of water and life, but these blessings exist due to the relationship between the "Journey of Water" and "Journey of Rock".
of the earth

Living with
Natural Disasters

While the "Journey of Water" and "Journey of Rock" bring with them numerous blessings, they also bring with them flooding and other natural disasters. However with wisdom born from decades of learning how to work with floods rather than against them, the people of this area coexist with these disasters, while still receiving the blessings of the land.
Disaster and coexistence
  • Geology and Terrain

    Geology and terrain
  • Ecosystems

  • History, Culture and Industry

    History ・ culture ・ industry

These three elements make up not only the natural landscapes, but also the landscapes that we see and exist in through our everyday lives. In the Hakusan Tedorigawa Geopark, the relationship between these three elements can be seen and experienced first-hand.

Geology, Ecology, and People.
Understand the Whole Picture.

In this Geopark you can experience the connection between the land (Geology), the plants and animals (Ecology), and the culture, history and industries (People) that have grown here.

Global and Japanese Geoparks

A geopark is a type of natural park, and it highlights geological heritage, from which we can learn about activities of the Earth such as land formation, geology and topography. It also includes and highlights sites of nature, archaeological, ecological, and cultural value. Linking geoheritage to the lives of people and wildlife, history and industries, and natural disaster prevention, the initiative offers educational opportunities and promotes regional development in a holistic manner. Global Geoparks have been supported by UNESCO since 2004 and became “UNESCO Global Geoparks” in November 2015.



Within Japan we are registered only as a Japanese Geopark, however in aims of becoming a UNESCO Global Geoparks, we are undertaking activities with a Global mindset.


The Japanese Geoparks Network (JGN) was established in 2009 to support regional activities related to the promotion of geoparks. In JGN there are regular members certified as Japanese Geoparks and associate members trying to be certified as such. They are actively working on promoting Geoparks not only in Japan but also to the world. UNESCO Global Geopark are located in 41 countries and 147 regions, mainly in Europe and China. In Japan, 9 areas are designated as UNESCO Global Geoparks. 35 other areas including the Hakusan Tedorigawa Geopark are actively raising public awareness as Japanese Geoparks.(As of July 2019).


Japanese Geopark Network


World Heritage sites place much value on protection and conservation under the treaties, whereas Geoparks put emphasis on protection and conservation as well as utilization, such as popularization of education and science, and local development. Geoparks are expected to further culture and environment while protecting and preserving heritage through the revitalization of communities, and the development of local economy via human activities, such as geo-tourism.


The Three Main Purposes of Geoparks
1. Protection of geological heritage
2. Popularization of education and science utilizing geological heritage
3. Promotion of sightseeing and geo-tourism utilizing geological heritage



  UNESCO Global Geoparks World Heritage Sites
Target World-class Earth heritage (matter)
World-class activities (people)
Unique world value (matter)
Purpose Protection and utilization
(popularization of education and science, and local development)
Judgement Re-examination once every four years Once
Relationship with UNESCO a UNESCO program World Heritage Treaty